Cucumber: Breeding and Genomics

Authors

  • S. S. Dey Division of Vegetable Science, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India Author
  • Vidya Sagar Division of Vegetable Improvement, ICAR-Indian Institute for Vegetable Research, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. Author
  • Shubhra N. Kujur Division of Vegetable Improvement, ICAR-Indian Institute for Vegetable Research, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. Author
  • Pradeep Kumara N Division of Vegetable Science, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India. Author
  • A. D. Munshi Division of Vegetable Science, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India. Author
  • Sudhakar Pandey Horticultural Science Division, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India. Author
  • T. K. Behera Division of Vegetable Improvement, ICAR-Indian Institute for Vegetable Research, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.61180/vegsci.2023.v50.spl.07

Keywords:

Cucumber, Breeding methods, Sex expression, Stress tolerance, QTL, Candidate genes

Abstract

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) is one of the most important vegetable crops grown worldwide for immature fruits. Several improved varieties with a number of economically important traits were developed through conventional breeding. The availability of draft genome sequences has facilitated the wide application of genomics tools in cucumber improvement in last two decades. C. sativus var. hardwickii widely distributed in the northern foothills of the Himalayas is the progenitor of the present-day cultivated cucumbers. A large number of commercially cultivated varieties and hybrids were developed through conventional breeding approaches. In hybrid breeding, gynoecious sex expression has been used widely for the development of more productive hybrids economically. Genetic inheritance and molecular characterization were done for a large number of traits including agro-morphological, quality, biotic and abiotic stress tolerance. Besides, candidate genes were also identified for the number of traits and later on validated through transformation and knock-out. Sex expression has been studied widely in this crop and cucumber serves as the model crop to study sex expression. A number of genes for sex expression and other economically important traits were characterized and cloned. Development of cucumber inbreds with multiple disease resistance, better quality and tolerance to abiotic stress tolerance are the major focus in future cucumber improvement programme.

Published

2023-12-30

Issue

Section

Review Articles

How to Cite

Dey, S. S., Sagar, V., Kujur, S. N., N, P. K., Munshi, A. D., Pandey, S., & Behera, T. K. (2023). Cucumber: Breeding and Genomics. Vegetable Science, 208-220. https://doi.org/10.61180/vegsci.2023.v50.spl.07

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