Effect of organic manures and bio-fertilizers on growth and quality of Indian bean [Lablab purpureus (L.) var. typicus]
Indian bean (Lablab purpureus L. var. typicus) also known as Sem or Dolichos bean belongs to the family Fabaceae and originated from India. There are two types of cultivated species. viz, Lablab purpureus var. typicus is a vegetable type cultivated for its soft and edible pods and Lablab purpureus var. lignosus is the field bean cultivated for dry seeds as pulse. It is a multipurpose crop grown for pulse, vegetables and forage. This crop is mostly grown throughout tropical regions of Asia, Africa and America. In India, it is grown as a field crop in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala and Maharashtra. In India, it is grown in 230 thousand hectares area with an average production of 2278 thousand metric pods. In Rajasthan, it is grown in 0.75 thousand hectares area with an average production of 1.0 thousand metric tonnes pods and is cultivated in Jaipur, Bundi, Kota and Bharatpur districts (Anonymous
2017). The nutritive value of Indian bean is very high, having high percentage of digestible proteins and good content of vitamins and minerals.